Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Basrah, Basrah-, Iraq

2 Department of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Al-Maaqal, Basrah-, Iraq

3 Directorate of Municipality of Islah, Dhi-Qar, Iraq


The finite element method capable of simulating the behavior of deep foundations subjected to negative skin friction in Basrah soil is investigated. Single piles under drag forces are analyzed using the PLAXIS program with an axisymmetric model. Linear elastic, Soft Soil and Mohr-Coulomb constitutive relations are adopted, where higher order triangular element is chosen for pile and soil clusters. Both pile and soil are modeled using (15)-node triangular elements. Three sites in Basrah province (Umm Qasr Port, Khor Al-Zubair, and Shatt AlArab Hotel) were selected to perform this study. The soil profile and layer characteristics are obtained from the soil investigation reports. Where the negative skin friction is evaluated due to filling loads.
It is Conclusion thatSmall relative displacements are necessary to activate the negative skin friction. The elastic shorting for pile effect negative skin friction, due to increase relative displacement. The elastic shorting of the driven pile is more than that of the bored pile due to the less cross-sectional area of the driven pile. The results revealed proportional relation between the developed drag forces and pile section dimensions, interface friction factor, and fill height, with a maximum effect on the section dimension and minimum effect on the interface factor. The locations of neutral points are not sensitive to the above-mentioned factors.